[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017) ::
pgr 2017, 3(2): 59-68 Back to browse issues page
QTLs Associated with Stemlet and Rootlet Growth in the Early Stages of Germination of Wheat
Mohsen Barajehfard , Mohammad Reza Siahpoosh , Mohammad Modarresi
Assistant Professor Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (751 Views)
In order to identify QTLs associated with stemlet and rootlet growth in the early stages of germination of wheat, 144 recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross of Kaz and Mantana were evaluated in a completely randomized design. The linkage map using composite interval by 234 microsatellite (SSR) primers and 267 AFLP loci have been already prepared in this population which covered 20 chromosomes of wheat. For root length, 1, 2 and 2 QTLs were located on 4D, 4B and 2D chromosomes, respectively. Two QTLs of rootlet length was located on 6B and 3D chromosomes. The QTLs of rootlet number were identified on 4A, 5A and 3B chromosomes. For each of stemlet dry weight (SDW) and rootlet dry weight (RDW) traits only one QTL identified on 4A and 3D chromosomes, respectively. Overall, for SDW to RDW ratio on 2D and 3D chromosomes, three QTLs were located. The QTLs of stemlet wet weight (SWW) were detected on 6B and 2B chromosomes. On 1B, 2D and 6B chromosoms, three QTLs were recognized for SWW to RWW ratio. For all traits, the range of LOD = 2.04-6.34 and R2 =5.11-19.58 were calculated. The highest amount of LOD and R2 (5.11 and 19.58, respectively) were obtained for rootlet length QTL (QSL-chpgu-4D). The least distance to the nearest adjacent marker (AFgcCGb marker) was 0.005 Centi-Morgan which belonged to rootlet length QTL (QRL-chpgu-3D) on 3D chromosome.
Keywords: Stemlet, QTL, Seedling, Wheat, Rootlet
Full-Text [PDF 944 kb]   (159 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/28 | Accepted: 2017/05/28 | Published: 2017/05/28
1. Araki, H. and Iijima, M. (2001). Deep rooting in winter wheat: rooting nodes of deep roots in two cultivars with deep and shallow root systems. Plant Production Science, 4: 215-219.
2. Bai, C., Liang, Y. and Hawkesford, M.J. (2013). Identification of QTLs associated with seedling root traits and their correlation with plant height in wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany, 6:1745-1753.
3. Bhar, S., Balyan, H.S. and Gupta, P.K. (2014). Quantitative trait loci analysis for some root traits in bread wheat (triticum aestivum L.). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7: 214-221
4. Christopher, J., Jennings, R., Jones, S., Fletcher, S., Borrell, A. M. A., Jordan, D., Mace, E. and Hammer, G. (2013). QTL for root angle and number in a population developed from bread wheats (Triticum aestivum) with contrasting adaptation to water-limited environments. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 126:1563-1574.
5. Dorlodot, S.D., Forester, B., Pages, L., Price, A., Tuberosa, R. and Draye, X. (2007). Root system architecture: opportunities and constructions for genetic improvement crops. Trends in Plant Science, 10: 474-481.
6. Ellis, M.H., Spielmeyer, W., Gale, K.R., Rebetzke, G.J. and Richards, R.A. (2002). Perfect'smarkers for the Rht B1b and Rht D1b dwarfing genes in wheat. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 105: 1038–1042.
7. Gregory, P. (2006). Roots and the architecture of root systems. In: Plant roots: growth, activity and interactions with soils. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing, UK.
8. Gupta, P.K., Balyan, H.S. and Varshney, R.K. (2010). Quantitative genetics and plant genomics: an overview. Molecular Breeding, 26: 133-134.
9. Hamada, A., Nitta, M., Nasuda, S., Kato, K., Fujita, M. and Matsunaka, H. (2012). Novel QTLs for growth angle of seminal roots in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant and Soil, 354: 395-405.
10. Ibrahim, A., and Quick, J.S. (2001). Genetic control of High temperature tolerance in wheat as measured by membrane thermal. Crop Science, 41:1405-7.
11. Landjeva, S., Neumann, K., Lohwasser, U. and Borner, A. (2008). Molecular mapping of genomic regions associated with wheat seedling growth under osmotic stress. Biologia Plantarum, 52: 259-266.
12. Liu, X.L., Li, R.Z., Chang, X. P. and Jing, R.L. (2013). Mapping QTLs for seedling root traits in a doubled haploid wheat population under different water regimes. Euphytica, 189: 51-66.
13. Lu, C.X., Guo, J.Q., Wang, Y., Leng, J.T., Yang, G.M, Hou, W.S., Wu, C.X. and Han, T.F. (2010). Identification, inheritance analysis, and QTL mapping of root and shoot traits in soybean variety PI471938 with tolerance to wilting. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 36: 1476-1483.
14. Manske, G.G.B. and Vlek, P.L.G. (2002). Root architecture–wheat as a model plant. In: Waisel Y., Eshel A., Kafkafi, U. (Eds). Plant roots: the hidden half. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, USA.
15. Modarresi, M. (2009). QTL Analysis for yield, yield component and thermal tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum). Ph.D. Thesis. Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.
16. Mohammadi, V., Qannadha, M.R., Zali, A.A. and Yazdi-Samadi, B. (2004). Effect of post anthesis heat stress on head traits of wheat. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6: 42-44.
17. Poorsahrigh, S.G., Mohammadi, S.A. and Sadeghzadeh, B. (2014). Identification of genomic origins controlling iron concentration and content in shoot of barley in A × B doubled hoploid mapping population. Journal of Plant Genetic Researches, 1 (1):1-12.
18. Rong, Z., Chen, H., Wang, X., Wu, B., Chen, S., Zhang, X., Wu, X., Yang, Z., Qiu, D., Jiang, M. and Zhou, X. (2011). Analysis of QTLs for root traits at seedling stage in soybean. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 7: 1151–1158.
19. Zhou, R., Chen, H.F., Wang, X.Z., Wu, B.D., Chen, S.L., Zhang, X.J., Wu, X.J., Yang, Z.L., Qiu, D.Z., Jiang, M.L. and Zhou, X.-A. (2011). Analysis of QTLs for Root Traits at Seedling Stage in Soybean. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 37: 1151-1158.
20. Sanguinet, M.C., Maccaferr, L.S., Cornet, M., Rotondo, S.F., Chiar, T. and Tuberosa, R. (2007). Genetic dissection of seminal root architecture in elite durum wheat germplasm. Annals of Applied Biology, 151: 291-305.
21. Sun, G.Y., He, Y., Zhang, R.H. and Zhang, D.P. (1996). Studies on growth and activities of soybean root. Soybean Science, 15: 317-321.
22. Voorrips, R.E. (2002). MapChart: software for the graphical presentation of linkage maps and QTLs. Journal of Heredity, 93:77-78.
23. Wang, S.C., Basten, C.J. and Zeng, Z.B. (2005). Windows QTL cartographer 2.5, user manual. Department of Statistics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, N.C., USA.
24. Yang, M., Ding, G., Shi, L., Feng, J., Xu, F. and Meng, J. (2010). Quantitative trait loci for root morphology in response to low phosphorus stress in Brassica napus. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 121: 181-193.
25. Zhang, H., Cui, F., Wang, L., Li, J., Ding, A., Zhao, C., Bao, Y., Yang, Q. and Wang, H. (2013). Conditional and unconditional QTL mapping of drought-tolerance-related traits of wheat seedling using two related RIL populations. Journal of Genetics, 92: 213-231.
26. Zhou, X.G., Jing, R.L., Hao, Z.F., Chang, X.P. and Zhang. Z.B. (2005). Mapping QTL for seedling root traits in common wheat. Sciatica Agricola, 38: 1951-1957.
27. Zhu, J., Kaeppler, S.M. and Lynch, J.P. (2005). Mapping of QTL controlling root hair length in maize (Zea mays L.) under phosphorus deficiency. Plant and Soil, 270: 299-310.
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

DOI: 10.29252/pgr.3.2.59

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Barajehfard M, Siahpoosh M R, Modarresi M. QTLs Associated with Stemlet and Rootlet Growth in the Early Stages of Germination of Wheat. pgr. 2017; 3 (2) :59-68
URL: http://journals.lu.ac.ir/pgr/article-1-99-en.html
Volume 3, Issue 2 (3-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله پژوهش های ژنتیک گیاهی Journal of Plant Genetic Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.097 seconds with 843 queries by yektaweb 3567